Associations and institutions are welcome to apply to become members of the ALCC.
In lots of situations using copyright material without the owner’s permission is an infringement.
As a general rule if material is still protected by copyright unauthorised use of the material is an infringement unless an exception applies.
There are a number of situations where infringement may occur. These include direct infringement, authorising infringement, the sale or importation of infringing material, commercial dealings with infringing material and circumventing technical protection measures (TMPs).
Direct infringement occurs where a person undertakes the infringing activities themselves.
Where a person authorises the infringing activities be undertaken by someone else. Although it depends on all the circumstances, sometime you can authorise someone else’s infringement just by providing the device they use to do the infringing (eg the photocopier or computer).
However, the good news is that libraries and archives are protected from being held liable for copyright infringements by clients if they post the prescribed notice next to the photocopier or computer. They can also access extra protection where they are providing online services to clients under the voluntary copyright safe harbours.
You can also infringe copyright by breaking or circumventing a technological protection measure (TPM) attached to electronic material, such as a digital lock on a DVD. Circumvent without permission is a criminal act, even if your use is legal.
However, libraries, archives, educational institutions and disability organisations are allowed to circumvent TPMs where they want to use the content under most of their prescribed exceptions.